Ethylene glycol is an organic compound and the simplest compound of the glycol family. When ethylene reacts with water, ethylene glycol is produced. It is a clear, sweet tasting, liquid that is slightly viscous. The boiling point of ethylene glycol is 198 °C (388.4 °F).
Common Industrial uses of Ethylene Glycol
Ethylene glycol is used in a variety of applications. Although it is mostly known as a primary ingredient in antifreeze, only a small percentage of ethylene glycol goes into antifreeze for automobiles and commercial refrigeration products. The most common use for ethylene glycol is as a raw material used in the manufacturing of polyester fibers for the fabric industry and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins used to make plastic bottles.
The natural gas industry uses ethylene glycol as a dewatering agent to remove water vapor from the gas stream during processing and also as a desiccant to prevent formation of hydrates in pipelines that transport natural gas from fields to processing facilities. Ethylene glycol is also used during the hydraulic fracturing process as a friction reducer, a gelling agent, a non-emulsifier and a crosslinker.
Ethylene Glycol in the Oil & Gas Industry
Minimum Order Quantity
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Ethylene glycol is hazardous to humans and animals when ingested. Because of the sweet taste, children and pets are at most risk for ethylene glycol poisoning. It has been found to be non-toxic after short-term skin contact and not irritating to the skin and eyes. Inhalation of ethylene glycol could result in mild burning sensation in the nose, throat, and lungs. It is recommended that respirators be used in prolonged exposure.
Common Names / Also Known as:
- Ethylene alcohol
- Glycol alcohol